Cocaine is a stimulant that speeds up the workings of the brain. This illegal drug is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant and is processed with a blend of other chemicals to form a white powder known as cocaine hydrochloride. This type of cocaine, the most common in Australia, is typically inhaled or injected. These other chemicals may include fillers, such as glucose or lactose, which are added purely to boost profits. However, this type is still rarely available in Australia.
Most people snort cocaine — they crush it into a fine powder, divide it into lines and snort it through the nose.
Learn about cocaine and substance abuse
This is the most common way to take cocaine. Some people find that switching side nostrils helps, and some people rinse out their nostrils with water or saline solution after taking it. Crack or freebase can be smoked through a glass pipe, tube, plastic bottle or in foil, but this is less common.
Powdered coke and crack can be prepared to make a solution for injecting, which is much more dangerous than snorting or smoking cocaine. Cocaine can increase your sexual effects too, and some people take it to have more intense sex, but taking lots of cocaine can actually reduce your sex drive. When snorted, cocaine can take from around 5 to 30 minutes to kick in, whereas the effects of smoking cocaine are almost instant.
You might still experience some physical effects after the high has gone, such as a faster heart beat. The effects of smoking crack are even shorter lasting, around 10 minutes, with the peak lasting for about two minutes after smoking it. Some people find that cocaine makes them feel down, anxious and paranoid the next day, or longer. How long a drug can be detected for depends on how much is taken and which testing kit is used. This is only a general guide.
Cocaine is risky for anyone with high blood pressure or a heart condition, but even healthy young people can have a fit, heart attack or stroke after using the drug. Over time, snorting cocaine damages the cartilage in your nose that separates your nostrils. Heavy users can lose this cartilage and end up with one large nostril and a misshapen nose. Taking cocaine when pregnant can damage your baby, cause miscarriage, premature labour and low birth weight. Injecting cocaine can damage veins and cause ulcers and gangrene.
Cocaine: what are the effects?
Sharing needles or other injecting equipment can spread HIV and hepatitis infections too. It's also easier to overdose from injecting cocaine. Speedballing injecting a mixture of cocaine and heroin can have fatal. A form of heroin called white heroin, is side mistaken for cocaine and people have died or been hospitalised after snorting it thinking it was cocaine. Cocaine can bring mental health problems to effects surface too, and if a cocaine has had mental health problems, there might be an increased risk for you.
Frequent users find they begin to crave more of the drug — so it can become an expensive habit to keep up with.
S, symptoms & side effects of cocaine use
Cocaine doesn't just damage the people who take it. It wrecks the communities that it's grown in and le to deforestation.
Find out more about how cocaine wrecks communities. A wrap of cocaine powder can be cut with many things, such as sugar or starch, but benzocaine is the most common. Benzocaine is a local anaesthetic that produces a numbing effect similar to cocaine, but without the cocaine high.
Alcohol and cocaine together can be particularly dangerous, for example. Once they mix together in the body they produce a cocaine chemical called cocaethylene. Cocaethylene stays in the body much sider than cocaine or alcohol alone, and this effects the damage done to the heart and liver. Yes, cocaine is very addictive.
This is because regular use changes the way the brain releases dopamine, a brain chemical that makes you feel happy. Cocaine is mostly known for causing psychological dependence addictionbut users can sometimes continue to use cocaine just to overcome the negative after effects of using. This can lead to a binge pattern of use and increase the risk of dependence. Supplying someone else, even your friends, can get you life in prison, an unlimited fine or both.
Like drink-driving, driving when high is dangerous and illegal. If the police catch people supplying illegal drugs in a home, club, bar or hostel, they can potentially prosecute the landlord, club owner or any other person concerned in the management of the premises. If you or someone else needs urgent help after taking drugs or drinking, call for an ambulance.
Tell the crew everything you know. It could save their life.
Cocaine A white powder stimulant that is normally snorted or rubbed into the gums. Quick info. How the drug works varies from person to person. How it looks, tastes and smells What does it look like? There are three types of cocaine: coke, crack and freebase. Coke looks like a fine white powder Crack looks like small lumps or rocks Freebase looks like a crystallised powder.
How do people take it? By snorting it as a powder Most people snort cocaine — they crush it into a fine powder, divide it into lines and snort it through the nose.
By smoking it as crack or freebase Crack or freebase can be smoked through a glass pipe, tube, plastic bottle or in foil, but this is less common. By injecting it Powdered coke and crack can be prepared to make a solution for injecting, which is much more dangerous than snorting or smoking cocaine. How it feels How does it make you feel?
Cocaine affects people differently, but most effects become: chattier more animated more confident Some people become: overconfident and arrogant agitated restless edgy Cocaine can increase your sexual desires too, and some people take it to have side intense sex, but taking lots of cocaine can actually reduce your sex drive.
To kick in When snorted, cocaine can take from around 5 to 30 minutes to cocaine in, whereas the effects of smoking crack are almost instant. After effects Some people find that cocaine makes them feel down, anxious and paranoid the next day, or longer. Cocaine can be detected in a urine test for up to 3 days after snorting it.
Cocaine addiction statistics
The risks Physical health risks Cocaine is risky for anyone with high blood pressure or a heart condition, but even healthy young people can have a fit, heart attack or stroke after using the drug. The risk of overdose increases if you mix cocaine with other drugs or alcohol. Regularly smoking crack can cause breathing problems and pains in the chest. Regular use of cocaine can make people feel: side run-down anxious paranoid Cocaine can bring mental health effects to the surface too, and if a relative has had mental health problems, there might be an increased risk for you.
Social risks Frequent users find they begin to crave more of the drug — so it can become an expensive cocaine to keep up with.
Environmental risks Cocaine doesn't just damage the people who take it. The purity of cocaine goes up and down depending on the market. Mixing Is it dangerous to mix with other drugs? Mixing drugs is always risky but some mixtures are more dangerous than others. Addiction Can you get addicted? The law Class: A This is a Class A drug, which means it's illegal to have for yourself, give away or sell. Possession can get you up to 7 years in prison, an unlimited fine or both. Concerned about A friend. What else to do in an emergency.